Nelson Mandela Role Against Apartheid In South Africa

Nelson Mandela & Apartheid In South Africa

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Nelson Mandela Role Against Apartheid In South Africa

South Africa between 1948 and 1991 and faced a system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination which sparked significant international and domestic opposition which one of them was Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC).

Apartheid started as a codified system of racial stratification in South Africa under the Dutch empire in late 18th century before it became fully a policy during Dr Malan regime as a prime minister of South Africa . The first apartheid law was the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act 1949 followed by the Immorality Act of 1950 etc.

However, apartheid prompted remarkable resistance both internal and international ranging from Gandhian ideas in 1906 to the African National Congress (ANC) founded in 1912 which actually became the major force opposing the apartheid system.

Nelson Mandela Role Against Apartheid In South Africa

In other words, Nelson Mandela Role Against Apartheid In South Africa cannot be overemphasized. His fight against apartheid led to South Africa where people are to be treated equally not minding the colour.


In his journey against racial segregation in South Africa, Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress after two years he graduated from college. Initially, he adopted non-violent resistance to apartheid. Watching the white governments savage repression of protesters and the killing of 69 blacks protesters in Sharpsville 1962 change the idea.

He therefore founded a military wing called ‘Umkonto We Sizwe’ meaning ‘the spare of the nation’. Being the leader of the military wing, he led undercover partisan attacks against state institutions.

In 1962, Nelson Mandela went to abroad to seek for a financial support for the purpose of the fight against apartheid and also organised military training for (ANC) corps but was arrested and sentenced to prison when he returned.

Nelson Mandela focused on reconciliation policy ethnic group which he achieved setting-up South African Truth And Reconciliation Committee (TRC) with the help of archbishop Desmond Tutu. The commission objectives was to help the country come to terms with the crimes committed under apartheid.


In prison, the then South African president P.W Botha in 1986 proffered to release him if he renounce the use of violence in his struggle against apartheid which he refused stating clearly in his letter why he chose to stay in prison.

In prison, he was already making plans for his return from prison had become talks with the government on forming a multiracial democracy. Finally Mandela was released in February 1990.

In conclusion, Nelson Mandela in 1996 preceded over the enactment of a new south African constitution which established a strong central government based on majority rule and prohibited discrimination against minorities including white. Improving social relations, discouraging blacks from retaliating against the white and building a new international image of a united south Africa. He formed a multiracial government of national unity and proclaimed the country a rainbow nation at peace with itself and the world

Promise Onwuachu
I am Promise Onwuachu, CEO of Campusglory.com and undergraduate of International Studies And Diplomacy (ISD) in University Of Benin, Nigeria. I love writing and sharing knowledge as long as education and Tech is concerned. Contact Me Here

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