Relationship Between Manifest Destiny And Hamitic Hypothesis: The relationship between manifest destiny and Hamitic hypothesis is can not be over emphasized as both in their different respective ways was actually saying same thing if looked into properly. Before I explain the relationship between Manifest destiny and Hamitic hypothesis, it is important I explain what the word Manifest destiny and Hamitic hypothesis is and how it came about. I will start with Manifest destiny.
Manifest destiny Of United States
United States of America during the 19th century pursued the policy of Manifest Destiny which means that the United by God’s mandate was destined to expand and spread all over the world including spreading their dominion, democracy and their capitalism. This idea can be seen biblical where the bible says in Genesis 1:28. “Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth and subdue it”. There were three determinants of the Manifest Destiny. They are:
- The undertaking of the United States to reclaim and change the west in the picture of agrarian America.
- The extraordinary ideals of Americans and their foundations
- An overpowering predetermination to achieve this basic obligation
However, US after years of Isolationism pursued Manifest destiny as their foreign policy right from the 19th century and with that policy, they were able to expand her territory to westwards. Though it resulted to war with the Mexicans, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War in 1848 and gave United States about 525,000 square miles of U.S. territory, including all or parts of what is now California, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming.
That as a result of manifest destiny, U.S. intervened in the Spanish-American war when Spain ceded the Philippine Islands, Puerto Rico and Guam to the U.S. This was an expansion of U.S. territory as colonies rather than states and was another demonstration of growing U.S. imperialism.
Moreover, the US manifest destiny also caused a lot of things as a result of the territorial expansionism. Its not just war with the Mexican, but the native Americans, Hispanic and other non-European that occupied those territories captured by the United States, faced a lot of maltreatment that was very brutal and unbearable and sparked off the idea of slavery.
Hamitic Hypothesis on the other hand posit that everything of important, value, impacts, great, interesting about Africa is of the Hamitic which a regarded as the Caucasian race. According to Seligman, he said;
Apart from relatively late Semitic influence… the civilizations of Africa are the
civilizations of the Hamites, its history the record of these peoples and of their
interaction with the two other African stocks, the Negro and the Bushman,
whether this influence was exerted by highly civilized Egyptians or by such
wider pastoralists as are represented at the present day by the Beja and Somali
…The incoming Hamites were pastoral ‘Europeans’-arriving wave after
wave-better armed as well as quicker witted than the dark agricultural Negroes
Though the Hamitic Hypothesis traces back to the bible where Noah caused his son Ham. The fact that it states that the Africans were nothing before their coming, and after they have arrived, they brought all the goodies enjoyed today by the Africans including writing their history for them is very clear.
Relationship Between Manifest Destiny And Hamitic Hypothesis
In drawing the Relationship Between Manifest Destiny And Hamitic Hypothesis, I will list the various areas where manifest destiny is related or linked to Hamitic hypothesis.
The first relationship or link between manifest destiny and Hamitic hypothesis can be seen in the area of ‘expansionism’. Whether imperialistic expansionism or whatever way it can be seen, United stated pursued the policy of manifest destiny because of what they believed and as a result was went into expansionism and gather so many territories for themselves today.
While Hamitic Hypothesis on its own was born out of expansionism which can be regarded as imperialistic expansionism. It was as result of the so called Caucasian race who went into Africa for reasons best known to them but was taken as an exploitative activities by Africans that they were able to states what they did in the Hamitic Hypothesis.
- Julius W. Pratt, “The Origin of ‘Manifest Destiny’,” The American Historical Review (July 1927)
- Sean Wilentz, The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln (New York: Norton, 2005)
- Michael Golay, The Tide of Empire: America’s March to the Pacific
- Era of U.S. Continental Expansion, History, Art & Archives: U.S House of Representatives